Key research and articles
in chronological order
Beyond carbon pricing to TEQs – reconciling scientific reality with realpolitik http://www.tandfonline.com/…/
The definitive paper on TEQs, covering its design, history and importance, and contrasting its hard cap on emissions with the ‘carbon pricing’ approach that has undermined public engagement with, and support for, climate policy. (April 2015 – full text
Radical vision could be the answer http://theconversation.com/…/ Tina Fawcett’s 2014 piece for The Conversation argues that in the absence of other big ideas to address emissions, it’s time to get serious about TEQs and related schemes (collectively termed Personal Carbon Trading).
A review of research evidence and real-world experience http://portal.idc.ac.il/…/ International researchers Yael Parag and Tina Fawcett published this 2014 paper in the peer reviewed, open access academic journal Energy and Emission Control Technologies, summarising all of the research and evidence into TEQs and related schemes to date.
Centre for Sustainable Energy report http://www.cse.org.uk/…/ One of a 2013 series of papers finding that current energy policies disproportionately benefit the rich. In line with their prior work, this paper finds that “personal carbon allowances” could play a key role in a more progressive policy solution that would not disadvantage the poor.
French campaign website for TEQs http://www.allocation-energie.info/ The website (in French) of campaigners in France working on TEQs, including translations of a number of our documents.
Tim Yeo MP http://www.euractiv.com/…/ The Chairman of the UK Parliament’s Energy and Climate Change Committee repeats his call for Britain to pioneer TEQs, with a pilot in his own constituency. (July 2012)
Adam Corner in The Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk/…/ Social psychology researcher Adam Corner wonders whether the lack of political appetite for TEQs may be because the scheme would expose current inequality. (April 2012)
European Energy Law Report (IX) http://www.intersentia.co.uk/…/ In this submission to the 2012 edition of the European Energy Law Report, Suryapratim Roy and Edwin Woerdman of the University of Groningen Faculty of Law examine the legal nuances of implementing TEQs or, as they term it, End-User Emissions Trading.
The New Home Front 2 http://www.newhomefront.org/ The New Economics Foundation’s second New Home Front report (2012) advocates TEQs, drawing parallels with wartime experiences as it explores the challenges of addressing climate change.
Carbon Reduction Action Groups (CRAGs) http://www.journals.elsevier.com/energy-policy/…/ This 2012 paper in Energy Policy examines the experiences of CRAGs – networks of people implementing TEQs-type schemes voluntarily at the community level – and the lessons for policy.
Personal Carbon Trading: A Radical Policy Option http://www.environmentmagazine.org/…/ Researchers Yael Parag and Deborah Strickland argue that TEQs and other similar schemes represent an innovative and essential challenge to policymakers’ thinking on the role of citizens in climate mitigation.
Island trial http://www.scu.edu/au/…/ Australia’s Southern Cross University is leading a project on Norfolk Island, testing the world’s first tradable carbon rationing scheme in a ‘closed system’ island environment, starting in 2011.
All Party Parliamentary report http://www.teqs.net/…/ This January 2011 report outlines the scheme and why it is so urgently needed, before pulling together the latest research to demonstrate that the UK government’s conditions for considering implementation of TEQs have been met. For links to the extensive international media coverage attracted by its publication, see our media page.
A policy ahead of its time? http://www.sciencedirect.com/…/ Tina Fawcett’s article in Energy Policy makes a compelling case for the necessity of exploring radical policy like TEQs in order to enable the radical emission reductions now enshrined in the UK Climate Change Act. Also see her 2012 paper in Carbon Management.
Climate Policy special issue http://www.tandfonline.com/…/ Yael Parag and Tina Fawcett edit a special Sept 2010 issue of the Climate Policy journal, looking exclusively at ‘personal carbon trading’, including TEQs and PCAs.
Sharon Astyk on energy rationing http://sharonastyk.com/…/ August 2010 article in which Astyk considers whether energy rationing could be made politically palatable in the US.
The Times – Lord Smith of Finsbury http://www.timesonline.co.uk/…/ The Chairman of the Environment Agency states in November 2009 that “rationing is the fairest and most effective way of meeting Britain’s legally binding targets for cutting greenhouse gas emissions”.
Plan B? The prospects for personal carbon trading http://www.ippr.org/…/ The Institute for Public Policy Research produced this report in September 2009, examining the case for and against TEQs, and concluding that Government should prepare the ground for possible future implementation.
Resurgence magazine http://www.darkoptimism.org/…/ Our own Shaun Chamberlin writes on the need for a framework to encourage local-level solutions to our energy/emissions crisis. (April 2009)
BBC Radio 4 (audio) http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/…/ In this 12 minute discussion of Peak Oil from BBC Radio 4’s “You and Yours” programme (September 2008), John Hemming MP, Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Peak Oil and Gas explains why TEQs are the only just option for the UK Government.
Polly Toynbee in The Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk/…/ Following Colin Challen MP’s June 2008 letter to the paper arguing that the rapid behavioural change necessitated by climate change means that we must implement carbon rationing, Polly Toynbee’s article derides the delay in implementing an idea described by DEFRA as “ahead of its time”.
Responses to the UK Government’s feasibility study Critical responses from The Fleming Policy Centre and the Centre for Sustainable Energy, as well as the IPPR’s parallel research and the BBC’s coverage of the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee (EAC)’s full response. The Government’s October 2008 response to the EAC’s comments can be found here, and the June 2009 ministerial debate at Westminster here.
UK Government feasibility study into TEQs http://www.decc.gov.uk/…/ After the Centre for Sustainable Energy’s 2006 scoping study (below) returned positive findings, the UK Government commissioned a further four reports, as a feasibility study into the TEQs scheme. Since the DECC website is forever changing its structure, here are direct links to the reports: Distributional Impacts report, Effectiveness and Strategic Fit report, Public Acceptability report, Technical Feasibility report (also: Synthesis report). (May 2008)
Newsnight (video) http://www.youtube.com/ David Strahan, author of The Last Oil Shock and TEQs advocate, is interviewed on the BBC’s “Newsnight” programme (May 2008). Discussion of TEQs from the two-minute mark. A previous Newsnight discussion on TEQs can be seen here. (March 2008)
New Statesman articles http://www.newstatesman.com/…/ Rowena Macdonald reports from the 2008 Climate Camp at Kingsnorth, and points Gordon Brown towards TEQs, while Peter Wilby comments on the moral challenges inherent in addressing climate change.
Trialling Personal Carbon Allowances http://www.journals.elsevier.com/energy-policy/…/ This 2007 paper from the UK Energy Research Centre concludes that a TEQs-type scheme cannot be accurately simulated at a local level, but that a trial could nonetheless provide useful policy insights and enable communities to engage with addressing our climate/energy challenges, and thus should be funded.
Energy and the Common Purpose – 3rd edition http://www.theleaneconomyconnection.net/…/ The revised and expanded third edition of David Fleming’s popular guide to TEQs, which was first published in October 2005. Available to purchase in hard copy or as free pdf download. (September 2007)
History and Policy paper http://www.york.ac.uk/…/ Historian Mark Roodhouse of the University of York examines wartime rationing and finds that “the use of taxes alone to control consumption was rejected in the World Wars, and they would not achieve the quick, dramatic cut in carbon consumption that we need now to avert environmental disaster. Tradable carbon rations would have a real impact”. He also submitted evidence to the Environmental Audit Committee’s investigation of TEQs and wrote an op-ed for the Financial Times, later developing this theme further in his 2013 book Black Market Britain, 1939-55.
Australia – Ian Dunlop http://www.aspo-australia.org.au/…/ A submission to the Australian Prime Ministerial Task Group on Emissions Trading by a former CEO of the Australian Institute of Company Directors and former chair of both the Australian Coal Association and the Australian Greenhouse Office Experts Group on Emissions Trading. (March 2007)
Zero Carbon Britain http://www.zerocarbonbritain.com/ This report was published by the Centre for Alternative Technology in 2007, laying out the challenges we face and presenting a bold, radical vision of how Britain could eliminate carbon emissions altogether within 20 years. The suggested policy framework is built around Contraction and Convergence at the international level and TEQs at the national.
The Ecologist http://www.theecologist.co.uk/…/ Stephan Harding’s 2006 article addresses economic growth and the potential impact of TEQs on the global economy. Mark Jansen’s 2010 article provides an update.
The Centre for Sustainable Energy’s ‘Rough Guide’ http://www.cse.org.uk/…/ The UK Government commissioned this scoping study, conducted by Simon Roberts and Joshua Thumim (Nov 2006). This paved the way for the Government’s feasibility study (above).
Green Party of England and Wales http://policy.greenparty.org.uk/…/ A briefing from the Green Party of England and Wales on their endorsement of the TEQs scheme, which is advocated in their ‘Manifesto for a Sustainable Society’. (Oct 2006)
David Miliband speech http://archive.audit-commission.gov.uk/…/ David Miliband, then Secretary of State for the Environment, sets out the case for what he terms ‘personal carbon trading’ as an effective, equitable carbon reduction framework that empowers citizens. (July 2006)
David Boyle article http://david-boyle.co.uk/…/ David Boyle looks back from 2021 to the day when TEQs were implemented in 2011! (article written Feb 2006)
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/…/ Kevin Anderson and Richard Starkey investigate TEQs (then known as DTQs). Their positive findings helped spread early interest within the policy community. (Dec 2005)
Forum for the Future article http://forumforthefuture.org/…/ Roger East talks with some of the early pioneers of TEQs/DTQs. (Nov 2004)
UK Parliament Private Members Bill http://www.publications.parliament.uk/…/ . The Domestic Tradable Quotas (Climate Change) Bill, submitted to Parliament by Colin Challen and ten other MPs in July 2004 (Domestic Tradable Quotas was the original name for TEQs).
Guardian article http://theguardian.com/…/ Kevin Anderson and Richard Starkey of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research introduce TEQs to the mainstream debate. (Apr 2004)
Policy Studies Institute http://www.psi.org.uk/…/ Simon Dresner and Paul Ekins compare the impacts of various proposed policies for controlling greenhouse gas emissions from transportation (including TEQs/DTQs), focusing on whether they are likely to benefit higher-income or lower-income households. (2004)